San Antonio Water System gets rating, outlook boost ahead of bond sale


San Antonio Water System (SAWS) will head into next week’s sale of $245 million of junior lien revenue bonds with a rating upgrade from one agency and a revised positive outlook from another.

The bonds, which Piper Sandler & Co. is scheduled to price Sept. 27, will fund a portion of the system’s 2022 and 2023 capital improvement programs, including the replacement of water mains, according to Doug Evanson, SAWS’ chief financial officer.

Doug Evanson, chief financial officer of the San Antonio Water System, said it has been more economical to issue junior lien bonds without a reserve fund than senior lien debt.

San Antonio Water System

S&P Global Ratings upgraded the bonds to AA-plus from AA with a stable outlook, matching the rating assigned to the system’s senior lien bonds.

We equalized the ratings on the senior and junior liens because less than 3.5% of SAWS’ total debt remains on the senior lien and we no longer believe junior-lien bondholders are materially disadvantaged relative to senior-lien bondholders given the de minimis amount of debt on the senior lien and very strong pro forma financial metrics,” said S&P analyst Chloe Weil in a statement.

S&P noted it would likely revisit the ratings if SAWS chooses to issue senior lien bonds again or if there is a material decline in either debt service coverage for both liens or in liquidity. 

Evanson said the system has not issued senior lien bonds, which make up just over $100 million of its $3 billion of debt, since 2012. 

“It’s been more economical for SAWS and its ratepayers to issue these bonds at the junior-lien level without the reserve fund,” he said. 

SAWS’ junior lien bond issues have not had reserve funds for a number of years, although junior lien bonds issued through the Texas Water Development Board do have reserve funds, according to Evanson.

“Given our strong financial and liquidity position as evidenced by the upgrade and the positive outlook, we have determined that it’s economically prudent to issue these bonds without a reserve fund,” he said. 

Fitch Ratings said it revised the outlook on the junior lien bonds’ AA rating to positive from stable based on projections indicating the water system’s leverage, measured as net adjusted debt to adjusted funds available for debt service, will be sustained at “just under 7.0x through the forward look.”

“While SAWS has successfully expanded and diversified its supply portfolio during the last decade and is at the tail end of completing its regulatory capital program, Fitch will evaluate the effect of additional capital needs included in the fiscal 2023 budget on system leverage,” the rating agency said in a statement, adding, positive rating action could occur if leverage levels can be sustained under 7.0x.”

Moody’s Investors Service affirmed an Aa2 rating on the junior lien bonds and Aa1 rating on senior lien bonds with a stable outlook. 

“The ratings are anchored by strong operating performance which has supported solid financial reserves and liquidity and favorable debt service coverage, and an established customer base in the large San Antonio metropolitan area,” Moody’s said in a statement, adding, they also reflect the system’s “adept management team” and elevated debt burden. 

The junior lien bonds are backed with a lien on the system’s net revenue that is subordinate to the senior lien debt. SAWS provides 2 million people in Bexar County and parts of Medina and Atascosa counties with water and wastewater services.

The  deal is structured with serial maturities from 2023 through 2033 and 2035 through 2042, as well as term bonds due in 2047 and 2052, according to the preliminary official statement.

Co-managers are FHN Financial Capital Markets, HilltopSecurities, Ramirez & Co., and Rice Financial Products Co. Co-financial advisors are PFM Financial Advisors and Estrada Hinojosa & Co. and co-bond counsel are McCall, Parkhurst & Horton and Kassahn & Ortiz.

Evanson said SAWS is projecting about $2.6 billion in capital needs between 2022 and 2026, which will likely require bonds to be issued every year, with cash funding covering 35% to 40% of the costs.

The system also plans to remarket $99.6 million of 2014 variable-rate junior lien revenue and refunding bonds this fall.

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